is situated some 90 km south-east
of Cape Town and comprises a core
area of 18 000 ha and several smaller
fragments. The reserve is sign-posted
from the coastal road (R44) and
a gravel road leads for 3 km through
private property to the entrance.
The coastal town of Kleinmond
is about 8 km south-east of the
is often considered the heart
of the Cape Floral
Kingdom, because of the exceptional
quality of its fynbos. The reserve
lies within the southern stretch
of the rugged Hottentots Holland
mountain range and has remained
isolated and remarkably unspoilt.
Its high mountain peaks, steep
kloofs, valleys and several tributaries
of the pristine Palmiet River
create a sense of remote wilderness.
Flora & Fauna
What is a biosphere
reserves are protected terrestrial
and coastal environments of international
conservation importance. They
are unique categories of protected
areas combining both conservation
and sustainable use of natural
has approximately1 600 plant species,
of which about 150 are endemic.
Many spectacular members of the
protea family occur in the reserve.
These include the endangered marsh
rose, Orothamnus zeyheri, once
on the brink of extinction and
now known to occur on a few inaccessible
has three patches of relic indigenous
forest, Louwbos, Platbos and Oudebos.
These patches are similar to the
Knysna forests and includes yellowwood,
stinkwood and boekenhout trees.
does not have many large animals.
There are a few leopards; the
Cape clawless otter may be seen
in or near water; smaller antelope
include klipspringer and grysbok;
and baboons, dassies and hares
are failry common. Peregrine falcons,
black eagles and fish eagles hunt
and nest in and around the reserve.
An endemic freshwater crab and
the endangered micro-frog are
found in the area. A herd of wild
horses roam the flats of the Bot
The climate of the Kogelberg
is fairly typical of the Western
Cape. Winters are cold and very
wet and snow may fall on the higher
peaks. The summer months are hot,
dry and often very windy. Hikers
should note that the weather conditions
are variable and unpredictable.
Hikes, facilities & activities
In the Kogelberg,
visitor numbers are limited and
low-impact recreation, which is
compatible with the wilderness
atmosphere is encouraged. Hikers
have several options and should
be prepared for fairly rough terrain
and unpredictable weather. White
water canoeing is allowed from
1 June to 30 September each year,
but only for competent canoeists,
as the river can be dangerous.
In the less sensitive areas, permitted
recreation activities include
hiking, canoeing, swimming and
angling at Rooisand on the Bot
River estuary and walking with
dogs near Sir Lowry's Pass Village.
Picnic facilities and accommodation
are not provided, but are numerous
on the outskirts of the reserve.
An inland fishing license is
required for fishing at Bot
Licences are obtained from Cape
Nature Conservation's head office
at Private Bag X9086, Cape Town
8000, Tel: (021) 483 4051, or
any revenue office.
Highlands Trail - Day 1: 16 km,
6-7 hours, Day 2: 21km, 8 hours.
Perdeberg Trail: 16km, 5-6 hours
Palmiet River Walk: 9km, 3-4 hours
Palmiet Valley Trail: 18km, 6-7
hours (easy, long)
Oudebosch - Leopard's George:
6km, 3-4 hours (moderate)
Kogelberg Trail: 24 km, 8 hours
Three Sisters: 8km, 4 hours (moderate)
Houwhoek Trail: 8km, 3 hours (moderate)
Rooisand Ramble: 5km, 2 hours
Dog Trail: 3km, 1 hour (easy)
Gantouw Pass: 5km, 2 hours (easy)
Palmiet White Water Canoe Trail
(June - September): 15 km, 8 hours